(March 1): A recent survey conducted by the world times showed that most Chinese people do not expect the United States to correct its mistakes and mend its relations with China, and even believe that bilateral relations will continue to deteriorate.
Chinese experts on China-US relations have said that after a series of serious frictions in recent years – including the trade war, the Hong Kong unrest in 2019, the stigmatization and racist sentiments of the United States against China and the Chinese in the midst of the COVID-19 pandemic, and the provocations and interference in Chinese affairs related to Xinjiang and Taiwan – the Chinese are already used to tensions with the United States, so they have very low expectations about future relations, because Washington has shown no sign that it will correct its mistakes.
Regardless of which party is in power in America, China has warned the United States many times on the Taiwan issue, and if one day the deterioration of Sino-American relations spirals completely out of control, the fuse will be the issue. of Taiwan, and the consequences will be far greater. worse than the United States can imagine, so the United States should avoid questioning the one China principle, world times noted.
The positive side of links
The first document of the three China-US communiqués – the Shanghai Communique – was signed 50 years ago during the first visit by then US President Richard Nixon. On Monday, China held an event in Shanghai to commemorate the signing of the communique.
Chinese State Councilor and Foreign Minister Wang Yi said at the event: “The two countries, once at war with each other, have established 50 pairs of provinces/sister states and 233 pairs of sister cities. Prior to the COVID-19 pandemic, more than 300 flights shuttled between the two countries each week, and more than five million trips were made across the Pacific each year.”
“From fighting terrorism, financial crises and Ebola, to leading the signing of the JCPOA and the conclusion of the Paris Agreement on climate change, China and the United States have done many great things. who have benefited the world through their cooperation,” Wang noted. , world times noted.
In the poisonous atmosphere in the United States vis-à-vis China, many political elites in Washington have refused to recognize the positive side of China-US relations, specifically exaggerating the negative side, and even stated that the American engagement with China initiated by Nixon was false. However, the Chinese government and people all remember and recognize that China-US relations benefit both countries, as well as the rest of the world.
A recent survey conducted by the world times on China-US relations which covered 4,774 participants (52.33% of whom were between the ages of 18 and 30) across China from Thursday to Friday showed that 97.49% of participants believe that the normalization of relations with the United States was an essential prerequisite for China’s reform and reform. opening.
But they also understand that the normalization of China-US relations has not only benefited China. When answering the question about what led China and the United States to reach out to each other and even go through a “honeymoon” period from 1979 to 1989, most people chose “China and the United States”. United States were both threatened by the Soviet Union” (43.38%). and “China is a major power that could completely change the outcome of the Cold War and with which the United States must cooperate” (33.58%).
China has never pleaded with the United States to normalize relations, and American politicians should not misunderstand that China and the United States still need each other today. This interdependence has not fundamentally changed due to friction in recent years, and the United States cannot manage a relationship with China that is defined solely by competition, experts said.
One China principle
The most important prerequisite for China and the United States to normalize and establish relations is that they are able to reach an agreement on the most important political basis based on pragmatic common ground and avoiding detailed differences on specific issues is the spirit of the Shanghai Agreement. statement, said Wu Xinbo, dean of the Institute of International Studies at Fudan University.
China’s foreign minister also stressed the importance of this principle on Monday. He said, “The Taiwan issue is the core of the Shanghai Communique, and the one-China principle is the cornerstone of China-US relations.
In 1971, the United States affirmed to China the new principles it would follow regarding the Taiwan question. They include: the United States recognizing that there is only one China in the world and that Taiwan is part of China; the United States does not repeat the phrase that Taiwan’s status is undetermined; the United States does not and will not support “Taiwan independence” movements. Nixon reaffirmed these principles to Premier Zhou Enlai during his visit to China in 1972. “Thus the Shanghai Communique was born,” Wang said.
Unfortunately, after the disintegration of the Soviet Union, the common threat that bound China and the United States disappeared, once again making the Taiwan issue the most sensitive and dangerous issue between China and the United States since the 1990s, and pushing Washington to start playing “the Taiwan card” to contain China by encouraging secessionism and selling arms to the island.
The United States should stop emptying the one-China principle of its essence and hollowing it out. It should stop encouraging and supporting “Taiwan independence” movements, stop trying to use the Taiwan issue to contain China, and stop saying or doing things that interfere in China’s internal affairs. China. “Only in this way can peace and stability across the Taiwan Strait be truly maintained and the broader interests of China-US relations safeguarded,” Wang said.
Lü Xiang, an expert in American studies and a researcher at the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, told the world times that over the past 50 years, China and the United States have experienced “many interrelated factors” that make it very difficult to break bilateral relations, but “if the United States makes a mistake on the Taiwan issue, then Sino-US relations worsen immediately.”
How to arrange the ties?
The Taiwan issue is just one of many factors worsening China-US relations, but there are many other issues, including illegal and unfair tariffs, interference in Chinese affairs related to Hong Kong and Xinjiang, as well as building alliances in the Asia-Pacific region. to contain and threaten China, which makes it difficult to ease Sino-American tensions.
The survey showed that 92.19% of the participants believe that the fundamental problem is that “the United States would never accept the emergence of a great power in the Eurasian continent, and the development and national rejuvenation of the China are a structural contradiction to the American desire to maintain its hegemony.” ”
In addition, 87.41 also believe that “intractable internal problems in the United States mean that both sides in America must form an external threat. Expressing negative sentiment against the Chinese could help them ease internal pressure and facilitate rejection. of responsibility”.
Meanwhile, 82.43% consider that “fixing China-US relations is good for China, but if the United States refuses to correct its mistakes due to its hegemonic and Cold War mentalities, it is good to leave China-US relations unfixed” and “the prerequisite for fixing China-US relations is that the United States must correct the mistakes it has made. China must not go against its principles and principles to mend ties.
On the same day as the event commemorating the signing of the Shanghai Communiqué was held in Shanghai, China’s State Council Information Office released a report on human rights violations on Monday. in the United States in 2021.
The report states that the human rights situation in the United States, which has a notorious record, worsened in 2021. Its political manipulation led to a sharp increase in deaths from COVID-19, while the rate mortality in the country has reached a new record. Fake democracy has trampled on people’s political rights and violent law enforcement has made life harder for migrants and refugees in the United States, the report said.
This proves that China is dealing with the United States with confidence and clear results. Efforts to mend ties with the United States, develop relationships with the American people, oppose US mistakes, and retaliate against US acts of hegemony and intimidation can all happen at the same time. , analysts said.
The survey also showed that 72.37% of participants believe that “the problems of the American economy and other domestic problems cannot be fully resolved. The decline of American hegemony is highly possible, but the states The United States will not accept reality, and it may try to use war against others to arrest its decline, which may cause a direct conflict between China and the United States. enter a new normal only after China’s overall national strength completely surpasses that of the United States.
And 85.78% of the participants believe that there will be more fights between China and the United States in the future, and that the links are far from being restored.
Li Haidong, a professor at the Institute of International Relations at China Foreign Affairs University, told the Global Times that the survey result is also an indication of when China-US relations can be repaired.
“It is unrealistic for the Chinese to expect the United States to do some soul-searching and effectively correct its mistakes on its China policy. The United States only respects the power it cannot defeat. and are unable to contain, so when China becomes powerful enough, prosperous and modernized enough, and does even better than the United States in more areas, the ties with the United States can be effectively fixed and become truly enduring,” he said. said Li, world times noted.