The nation’s edible bean crop looked good in late August, but in some states it was taking longer to ripen – Agweek

As the weather summer drew to a close, most of North Dakota’s 2022 dry edible bean crop was in good condition, but needed more time to mature.

The state is the top producer of edible beans in the United States. Farmers in the state grow 35% of America’s dry edible bean crop, including 46% of the nation’s navy beans and 56% of pinto beans.

The North Dakota crop, which was planted late because cold, wet weather kept farmers out of the field, was rated as 8% excellent, 48% good, 41% good and poor at 3% the week ending August 21, according to the US Department. of the National Agricultural Statistics Service of Agriculture. Pod formation was near average at this date, but only 9% of the crop had fallen leaves, compared to an average of 34%.

In Walsh County, North Dakota, crop progress in late August was two to three weeks behind what it would normally be, said Brad Brummond, extension agricultural officer of North Dakota State University for Walsh County.

In 2020, Walsh County was North Dakota’s top edible bean county. Average yields were 1,890 pounds per acre on the 108,100 acres planted by farmers. Total production was 2 million quintals.

This year, the harvest will be later, which has made edible beans vulnerable to late season weather conditions.

“I think our edible bean harvest will be pushed back to October,” Brummond said.

This means that the crop would be vulnerable to frost for a few more weeks.

“It’s one of our best edible bean crops, but I saw that all change overnight,” he said. “We could have a huge bean crop or we could have a meltdown.”

Further south in Traill County, North Dakota, the harvest is also expected to be later than normal, said Daniel Fuglesten, general manager of Central Valley Bean Co.

“I don’t think much will happen before Labor Day,” Fuglesten said.

By the end of August, the edible beans had set pods and generally looked good, but needed more time to mature.

“We still need a lot of time on a lot of beans, so there will be risks until that’s done,” Fuglesten said.

Edible fields are in good shape in North Dakota at the end of August, but many of them needed a few more weeks before they were ripe enough to harvest. Photo taken on August 23, 2022.

Ann Bailey/Agweek

The condition of edible beans in Foster County in east-central North Dakota in late August was variable, said Brad Stevens, general manager of the Fessenden Co-op Association.

“We’re going to have good beans and bad beans,” he said. “We are about two to three weeks behind. We had rain and high winds which stunted growth. We had a lot of replanting until July 4th. »

He estimated that the harvest would be delayed by about a month.

“We need the whole month of September without frost,” Stevens said.

Here’s a look at the status of edible beans in some other growing states.

The edible bean crop was rated as 8% excellent, 66% good, and 24% fair and 2% poor, NASS said. Ninety-six percent of the beans were in pods.

In south-central Minnesota near Brownton, wet conditions this spring delayed planting and they didn’t penetrate the ground until the first week of June, said Jeff Kosek, a kidney bean grower and blacks who work on the Northarvest. Bean Growers Association Board of Directors.

“We were wet, then it got dry,” he said. No significant rain fell between Memorial Day and early August.

Despite the dry growing conditions, the edible bean crop looked pretty good, Kosek said.

The edible beans were podging in late August, and Kosek estimated the harvest would start about a month later.

Michigan farmers began planting edible beans in mid-May, then conditions turned wet for about 10 days when they were held off the field before finishing planting, said Joe Cramer, executive director of the Michigan Bean Commission.

Rainfall throughout the growing season has been spotty, but overall the edible beans are looking pretty good, Cramer said.

According to the NASS, the harvest was assessed at 4% excellent, 35% good, 36% fair and 18% poor and 7% very poor as of August 22.

Cramer expected harvest to begin the second week of September and continue through mid-October.

The dry weather has taken its toll on Nebraska’s edible bean crop, said University of Nebraska Extension plant pathologist Bob Harveston.

“It was difficult because of the drought. We’ve had very little rain,” said Harveson. “Even with irrigation, it’s hard to keep things as wet as needed.”

Lack of rain has delayed plant growth, which will likely cause the harvest to be delayed later than normal.

“Then we have potential frost damage issues,” said Harvey.

According to NASS, the dry edible beans were rated 4% very poor, 5% poor, 27% fair, 63% good, and 1% excellent. Flowering of dry edible beans was 96%, up from almost 94% last year. Bean pods were 67%, down 22% from last year.

The edible bean crop in Chippewa County, western Wisconsin, was in fairly good shape at the end of August, said Jerry Clark, University of Wisconsin agricultural extension worker in Chippewa County.

The edible beans were in the pod-forming stage and, depending on the variety, harvest would likely begin mid-September to late September, which is typical for the county, Clark said.

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