Understand what it is and how it will affect communication

A proposal to sell 72,097.85 MHz of 5G spectrum was approved by the Union Cabinet last month. The government has received bids totaling Rs 1.5 lakh crore from prominent figures including Mukesh Ambani and Gautam Adani; Bharti Airtel and Vodafone Idea are also competing for the offer. In anticipation of an increase in data usage in the years to come, telecom operators are interested in 5G waves to increase their own revenues.

The government put 72 gigahertz of waves with several frequency bands ranging from 600 megahertz to 26 gigahertz over a period of 20 years in this auction. “By the end of the year, people in different Indian cities will be able to use 5G,” according to Telecom Minister Ashwini Vaishnaw.

What exactly is 5G technology?

After the 1G, 2G, 3G and 4G networks, the 5G or fifth generation mobile network is a new international wireless standard. Virtually everyone and everything, including machines, objects and gadgets, are meant to be connected by it. The 5G broadband spectrum is tested to have internet speeds of up to 20 Gbps (gigabits per second). However, the fastest Internet data speed for 4G has been measured at 1 Gbps.

The low, medium and high frequency bands constitute the operating spectrum of 5G. The maximum Internet and data exchange speed in the low band spectrum is 100 Mbps (Megabits per second). Although the midband spectrum operates at a somewhat faster speed than the lowband spectrum, it has restrictions on signal penetration and coverage. The highest speed of the three is available in the high band spectrum, but with very little signal penetration and coverage. It effectively supports cutting-edge 5G applications, including Internet of Things (IoT) and smart technology. Better infrastructure, however, is needed for its application.

The distinction between 4G and 5G

Airtel was the first company to introduce 4G services in India using TD-LTE technology. The 3G network has been replaced by the 4th generation (4G) wireless network. With each new generation of technology, network capacity and bandwidth speed increase. By way of illustration, the maximum throughput of 3G was 14 Mbps while the maximum throughput of 4G is 100 Mbps.

HD video and music can be streamed by users at 4G download speeds. Additionally, it made wireless broadband possible, allowing Internet connections without the need for a fixed wired connection from an Internet Service Provider (ISP).

Compared to 4G, 5G is 100 times faster

5G is up to 100 times faster than 4G. All devices can get faster data rates thanks to the increased capacity of 5G. The increase in network capacity is significant as data traffic continues to grow by around 60% per year. Since different devices would need connections with different degrees of performance, the 5G network could also connect smartphones and other types of gadgets.

A 5G network also has the capacity to perform intense processing tasks like gaming or AR filters. Additionally, it will support the creation of all-new battery-powered gadgets, such as small drones and lightweight AR glasses.

The future of 5G in India

According to a survey by Ericsson, 4G subscriptions are currently dominating the market and driving the growth of connections in India, but 5G subscriptions are expected to grow rapidly and reach 50 million in the region by the end of 2023. By the By the end of 2027, there will be over 500 million 5G subscriptions in the region, or around 39% of all mobile subscriptions. 4G subscriptions are expected to fall annually to 700 million subscriptions projected in 2027 as users upgrade to 5G.

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